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タイトル: Simple and easy assessment of falling risk in the elderly by functional reach test using elastic stick
著者: Demura, Shinichi link image
Yamada, Takayoshi
出村, 愼一
発行日: 2007年10月 1日
出版社(者): 東北大学 : 東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌名: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
ISSN: 0040-8727
巻: 213
号: 2
開始ページ: 105
終了ページ: 111
キーワード: Elastic stick
Equilibrium function
Functional reach
Lower-limbs muscle function
抄録: Dynamic balance ability related to maintaining postural stability during movement is closely tied to fall risk in the elderly. The functional reach (FR) test has been developed to evaluate their dynamic balance. Although a simple and new FR test using an elastic stick has been proposed by modifying the above original FR test, the abilities related to both FR tests are judged to differ because of the large difference in the testing method. This study aimed to compare center of gravity fluctuation, muscle activity and functional reach distance as measured by the original FR test and the elastic stick FR test. First, reach distance, back/forth and right/left moving distance of the center of gravity, and activity of the lower leg muscles (soleus and tibialis anterior) were compared between both tests based on data obtained from 30 young male adults. All parameters except for the right/left moving distance were significantly larger in the elastic stick FR test. Next, the reach distance was examined in both FR tests using 53 elderly subjects; it was significantly longer in the elastic stick FR test, but showed no significant sex difference. The reach distance in both tests was significantly shorter (about 7 cm) in the elderly than in young adults. In conclusion, the elastic stick FR test involves greater leg muscle strength exertion and forward transferring of the center of gravity as compared with the original FR test. Because the elastic stick FR test relates largely to leg muscle function and equilibrium function, it may be more useful for evaluating the dynamic balance ability of the elderly. © 2007 Tohoku University Medical Press.
DOI: 10.1620/tjem.213.105
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/16867
関連URI: http://journal.med.tohoku.ac.jp/
http://dx.doi.org/10.1620/tjem.213.105
http://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/tjem/213/2/213_105/_article
資料種別: Journal Article
権利関係: Copyright (c) 2007 Tohoku University Medical Press
版表示: publisher
出現コレクション:1-4.査読済論文(教育)

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