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タイトル: ストレスが学業不正行為に及ぼす影響 : 総合的緊張理論の有効性
その他のタイトル: Strain and Academic Cheating: An Application of General Strain Theory to Cheating among Japanese College Students
著者: 小林, 恵美子 link image link image
福島, 深雪
Kobayashi, Emiko
Fukushima, Miyuki
発行日: 2010年 3月31日
出版社(者): 金沢大学外国語教育研究センター = Foreign Language Institute Kanazawa University
雑誌名: 言語文化論叢 = Studies of language and culture
ISSN: 1342-7172
巻: 14
開始ページ: 165
終了ページ: 188
キーワード: general strain theory
academic cheating
Japanese college students
抄録: General strain theory, in its most genetic form, argues that three sources of strain, including failure to achieve positively valued goals, removal of positively valued stimuli, and confrontation with negative stimuli, lead to crime and other forms of deviance. Failure to achieve positively valued goals, which has been addressed in part in traditional strain theory, consists of three subtypes that describe various ways in which goal blockage might become manifest. The first type is a disjuncture between aspirations and expectations, which results when individuals hold aspirations for a positively valued goal but do not expect to achieve it. The second type is a disjuncture between expectations and outcomes, which results when individuals expect to achieve a certain goal but do not actually achieve it. Lastly, the third type is a disjuncture between perceived just or fair outcomes and actual outcomes, which results when what actually occurs is perceived by the individual as an unfair utcome. The other two major sources of strain, which include removal of positively valued stimuli and confrontation with negative stimuli, result when individuals experience stressful life events, especially during adolescence. All three sources of strain predispose individuals to engage in crime and other forms of deviance. In the research reported here, measures of strain that closely correspond to the theoretical definitions are developed, while taking into account two recent refinements (a distinction between global and goal-specific strain and an assessment of subjective responses to stressful life events). The effects of these strains on academic cheating are then examined in a sample of Japanese college students. Results offer partial support for general strain theory. While both removal of positively valued stimuli and confrontation with negative stimuli increase the inclination to cheat, failure to achieve positively valued goals does not seem to affect the inclination to cheat among the sample of Japanese young adults.
内容記述: 最終ページに英文要旨
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2297/24248
資料種別: Departmental Bulletin Paper
版表示: publisher
出現コレクション:14号

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